IVO Rotterdam

Roken bij jongeren met en zonder astma

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Van Zundert, R.M.P., Engels, R.C.M.E., Kleinjan, M., & Van Den Eijnden, R.J.J.M. Environmental smoking, cognitions, nicotine dependence, and readiness to quit smoking: A comparison between asthmatic and non-asthmatic adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology (In press).

Objective: To study the impact of parents’ and best friends’ smoking, nicotine dependence, and craving on smoking-specific cognitions, and readiness to quit in adolescents with and without asthma. Methods: Structural equation analyses were applied to data from a sample of 1,120 daily smoking adolescents, 83 of whom had asthma. Results: Adolescents with asthma felt more ready to quit, and cognitions were more strongly related to readiness to quit among adolescents with asthma than among adolescents without asthma. Moreover, best friends’ smoking seemed more relevant to the cognitions of adolescents with asthma. Nicotine dependence and craving were strongly related to cognitions, and to readiness to quit in both groups. The relation between craving and readiness to quit, however, was stronger among participants with asthma.
Conclusions: Reduction of nicotine dependence and craving is essential for both groups. Youth with asthma may benefit even more from cognitive-based cessation services than healthy youth. The finding that adolescents with asthma are relatively more ready to quit, and that their cognitions are more easily affected can be turned into advantages in asthma-specific cessation services.